Electroshock (ECT)

Electroshock treatment
(ECT) was developed in 1938 at a time that lobotomy and insulin coma
therapy were already in use. Pioneer advocates of ECT openly
admitted that it caused irreversible brain damage. In 1979 Dr.
Breggin published the first medical book critical of ECT,
Electroshock: Its Brain-Disabling Effects
(New York: Springer Publishing Company). Dr. Breggin has advocated
the banning of ECT, but it continues to be used extensively in most
psychiatric facilities. In 1985 Dr. Breggin presented as the
scientific expert on the brain-damaging effects of the treatment at
the NIH Consensus Development Conference on ECT. In 2005 he was the
medical expert in the first-ever malpractice victory against a doctor who referred his patient for ECT.

The best source of
up-to-date information on ECT memory loss and brain damage can be
found in a chapter in Dr. Breggin’s book Brain-Disabling Treatments in Psychiatry (2008).


Many of Dr. Breggin’s articles on ECT can be found in the Special Topics section under ECT. These articles also provide perspective into Dr. Breggin’s campaign to stop this barbaric treatment.