January 1, 1998

Electroshock: Scientific, Ethical, & Political Issues (1998)

Breggin, PR. (1998). International Journal of Risk & Safety In Medicine, 11:5-40.

Electroconvulsive treatment (ECT) is increasingly used in North America and there are attempts to further its use world-wide. However, most controlled studies of efficacy in depression indicate the treatment is no better than placebo, with no positive effect on the rate of suicide.