Selected scientific papers
This section contains a selection of Dr. Breggin's scientific articles spanning 1964 to the present. They can be arranged chronologically in order to facilitate an overview of his work over the years.
What cost leukotomy? 01/01/1983
"What Cost Leukotomy?" (letter) American Journal of Psychiatry 140:1101, 1983.
Electroshock therapy and brain damage: the acute organic brain syndrome as treatment (1984) 01/01/1984
"Electroshock Therapy and Brain Damage: The Acute Organic Brain Syndrome as Treatment." Behavior and Brain Sciences 7:24-25, 1984.
Psychiatric drug-induced Chronic Brain Impairment (CBI): Implications for longterm treatment with psychiatric medication. International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine, 23: 193-200.
Peter R. Breggin, MD
Abstract: Understanding the hazards associated with long-term exposure to psychiatric drugs is very important but rarely emphasized in the scientific literature and clinical practice. Drawing on the scientific literature and clinical experience, the author describes the syndrome of Chronic Brain Impairment (CBM) which can be caused by any trauma to the brain including Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), and long-term exposure to psychiatric medications. Knowledge of the syndrome should enable clinicians to more easily identify long-term adverse effects caused by psychiatric drugs while enabling researchers to approach the problem with a more comprehensive understanding of the common elements of brain injury as they are manifested after long-term exposure to psychiatric medications. Treatment options are also discussed.
"Neuropathology and Cognitive Dysfunction from ECT." Psychopharmacology Bulletin 22:476-479, 1986.
Lobotomies: an alert (1972) 02/01/1972
"Lobotomies: An Alert." (letter) American Journal of Psychiatry 129:98-99, 1972.
"Empathic Self-Transformation and Love in Individual and Family Therapy." The Humanistic Psychologist, 27:267-282, 1999.
"A biomedical programme for urban violence control in the U.S." (Peter Breggin and Ginger Ross Breggin). Changes: An International Journal of Psychology and Psychotherapy 11, No. 1 (March) :59-71, 1993.
The return of ECT 01/01/1992
"The Return of ECT." Readings: A Journal of Reviews and Commentary in Mental Health, 3 (March#1), 12-17, 1992.
"Parallels Between Neuroleptic Effects and Lethargic Encephalitis: The Production of Dyskinesias and Cognitive disorders." Brain and Cognition 23:8-27, 1993.
The second wave of psychosurgery 01/01/1973
"The Second Wave of Psychosurgery." M/H (Mental Health) 57:10-13, 1973.