Selected scientific papers
This section contains a selection of Dr. Breggin's scientific articles spanning 1964 to the present. They can be arranged chronologically in order to facilitate an overview of his work over the years.
"The NIMH Multimodal Study of Treatment for Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: A Critical Analysis." International Journal of Risk and Safety in Medicine, 13:15-22, 2000. Originally published in Ethical Human Sciences and Services, 2:63-72, 2000.
"The Need for Ethical Human Sciences and Services." Ethical Human Sciences and Services, 1:3-6, 1999.
International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine 22 (2010) 89-92.
Peter R. Breggin
Abstract: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) and the machines that deliver it have never been tested for safety and efficacy in order to receive approval from the FDA. The American Psychiatric Association and ECT advocates protested when the FDA took steps to classify the machines as posing “an unreasonable risk of illness or injury”, which would have required their testing before approval. Without requiring this testing, the FDA is now preparing to classify the treatment and the machines as safe. This article reviews evidence demonstrating that ECT is very harmful to the brain and mind, and concludes that the FDA should demand the usual testing, starting with animals, that is required before psychiatric treatments and machines are approved for marketing and use.
"Suicidality, Violence and Mania Caused by Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs): A Review and Analysis." International Journal of Risk and Safety in Medicine, 16: 31-49, 2003/2004. Originally published in Ethical Human Sciences and Services, 5:225-246.
Spearheading a transformation (1996) 01/01/1996
"Spearheading a Transformation." Co-published simultaneously in The Psychotherapy Patient (The Hawthorn Press, Inc.) Vol.9, No. 3/4, pp. 1-7, 1996; and: Psychosocial Approaches to Deeply Disturbed Persons, P. Breggin and E. Stern, editors, The Hawthorn Press, Inc., 1-7, 1996.
"Should the Use of Neuroleptics Be Severely Limited?" In S.A Kirk and Susan D. Einbinder P (ed): Controversial Issues in Mental Health. Boston: Allyan and Bacon, 1994, pp 146-152. Reprinted in Changes: An International Journal of Psychology and Psychotherapy 14:62-66 March 1996.
"Shock Treatment III: Resistance in the 1980's." Electroshock: The Case Against, Dr. Robert F. Morgan, editor. Morgan Foundation Publishers, Fair Oaks, CA. pp. 43-56. 1999.
Selected Chapters from The Heart of Being Helpful: Empathy and the Creation of a Healing Presence . New York: Springer Publishing Company, 1997.
Risks and Mechanism of Action of Stimulants 11/16/1998
Risks and Mechanism of Action of Stimulants. NIH Consensus Development Conference on Diagnosis and Treatment of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, November 16-18, 1998.
Recent U.S., Canadian and British regulatory agency actions concerning antidepressants (2005) 01/01/2005
"Recent U.S., Canadian and British regulatory agency actions concerning antidepressant-induced harm to self and others: A review and analysis." Ethical Human Psychology and Psychiatry, 7, 7-22, 2005. Simultaneously published in the International Journal of Risk and Safety in Medicine, 16, 247-259, 2005.